Speech and Language » Speech and Language

Speech and Language

Welcome to the Speech Therapy page at Prospect Ridge Academy. We have one Speech Language Pathologist that services K-12.

 

Speech-language pathologists assess, diagnose, treat, and help to prevent communication and language disorders in children.

There are several speech and language disorders that can be treated with speech therapy.

  • Articulation disorders.d An articulation disorder is the inability to properly form certain word sounds. A child with this speech disorder may delete , substitute, distort, or add sounds to words. An example of substituting a sound would be saying “dod” instead of “dog”.
  • Fluency disorders. A fluency disorder affects the flow, speed, and rhythm of speech.  Stuttering is a fluency disorders. A person with stuttering has trouble getting out a sound and may have speech that is blocked or interrupted, or may repeat part of all of a word. 
  • Receptive disorders. A person with receptive language disorder has trouble understanding and processing what others say.  People who have it often don't understand what others say. They struggle with the meaning of language and may respond in ways that don't make sense. But their challenges aren't related to hearing loss or intelligence.
  • Expressive disorders. Expressive language disorder is difficulty conveying or expressing information. People who have it often don't understand what others say. They struggle with the meaning of language and may respond in ways that don't make sense. But their challenges aren't related to hearing loss or intelligence.
  • Pragmatic Language Disorders: Pragmatic language refers to the social language skills that we use in our daily interactions with others. This includes what we say, how we say it, our non-verbal communication (eye contact, facial expressions, body language etc.) and how appropriate our interactions are in a given situation.  Pragmatic skills are vital for communicating our personal thoughts, ideas and feelings. Children with difficulties in this area often misinterpret other peoples’ communicative intent and therefore will have difficulty responding appropriately either verbally or non-verbally.